Maymont, now a public park in the city of Richmond, was the Victorian country estate of James and Sallie Dooley. On the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic Places, it is considered a significant example of a Gilded Age country estate; the Dooleys were the only occupants, and the house and outbuildings remain as in their time. James Henry Dooley served in the Civil War and later made his fortune in railroading. The Dooleys bought the 100 acre tract of rolling land on the north side of the James River in 1886, and Mrs. Dooley oversaw creation of the estate, which includes the 1893 stone mansion (33 rooms, 12,000 square feet); several other substantial buildings; a large Japanese garden and pond; and an Italian garden with a waterfall. Mr. Dooley died in 1922 and his wife in 1925; having no children, Maymont was left to the city of Richmond to be used as a park. It opened to the public just six months after Mrs. Dooley's death. The private Maymont Foundation was established in 1975 to take over operations and upkeep responsibilities from the city; no endowment was left by the Dooleys.
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